TargetSmart predicts generic party alignment when official voter party registration is not available from government sources. Where party alignment is inferred it is labeled as Modeled instead of Registered. Party registration/alignment may not predict vote choice. Learn more

Votes Cast



Where self-reported race is not available, a TargetSmart model is used. 2018 and 2014 voter records have been classified using the same TargetSmart race model.


Where self-reported gender is not available, a TargetSmart model is used.


Where self-reported marital status is not available, a TargetSmart model is used.


Education attribute data is obtained from a consumer data vendor.


Quintiles of voting frequency in general or primaries going back to 2000 for registrants that have voted in at least one of these elections. Calculated at the county level.


Party registration is not available in every state. See separate modeled party statistics.



Where self-reported gender is not available, a TargetSmart model is used.


First Time Voter: No vote history observed for this record going back to 2000.


Infrequent Voter: Fourth and fifth quintile of voting frequency in general or primaries going back to 2000 for registrants that have voted in at least one of these elections. Calculated at the county level.


Frequent Voter: Second and third quintiles of voting frequency in general or primaries going back to 2000 for registrants that have voted in at least one of these elections. Calculated at the county level.


Super Voter: Top quintile of voting frequency in general or primaries going back to 2000 for registrants that have voted in at least one of these elections. Calculated at the county level.


TargetSmart makes no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the results obtained from the use of the information on the TargetEarly website.